update 22.05.2019: the Centre approved the elevation of all four Justices
8 May 2019 Collegium Recommendations
Yesterday, the Supreme Court's Collegium issued 2 resolutions, recommending four judges for elevation to the Supreme Court:
On 12 April, the Collegium had recommended Justice Aniruddha Bose (Chief Justice, Jharkhand High Court) and Justice AS Bopanna (Chief Justice, Gauhati High Court). In its 12 April resolution, the Collegium states it took into consideration their "merit", "integrity" and "combined seniority on all-India basis". On 7 May, the Centre disagreed with the recommendation. In response, the Collegium reiterrated its recommendation and stated that it had prioritized merit over seniority. Citing the Supreme Court's opinion In Re: Special Reference No.1 of 1998, the Collegium observed that "though inter-se seniority amongst Judges in their High Courts and their combined seniority on all-India basis should be given due weightage, merit should be the predominant consideration".
On 8th May, the Collegium recommended Justice Bhushan Ramkrishna Gavai (Judge, Bombay High Court) and Surya Kant (Chief Justice, Himachal Pradesh High Court) for elevation. The Collegium specified that not only was it giving due weight to seniority, integrity and merit, but also "due representation" in the Supreme Court. If Justice Gavai is elevated, he would be the first Scheduled Caste judge in the Supreme Court since Justice KG Balakrishnan retired in 2010.
Currently, the Supreme Court has a sanctioned strenght of 31 judges. However, it is only funcitioning with 27 judges - there are 4 vacancies. If the Centre were to accept the 2 resolutions, the Court would be functioning at full strength.
Note, the Collegium comprises the Chief Justice and the next 4 senior most Justices. One of its key functions is to determine judges who are appointed (elevated) to the Supreme Court. Past precedent says that the Court's decision becomes binding on the Central Government, if the Court send recommended names to the Government a second time.