Former Judge of the Supreme Court of India
Assumed Office4th Jun, 2012
Retired On30th Dec, 2018
Chief Justice of the Andhra Pradesh High CourtNovember 15th 2011- June 3rd 2012
Chief Justice of the Guwahati High CourtJune 24th 2010- November 14th 2011
Acting Chief Justice of the Delhi High CourtFebruary 13th 2010- May 21st 2010
Judge of the Delhi High CourtJuly 5th 1999-February 12th 2010
EnrollmentJuly 28th 1977
Justice Madan Lokur was born on 31st December 1953. He did his graduation in History (Hons.) from St. Stephen’s College, Delhi University in 1974 and obtained an LL.B. degree from the Faculty of Law, Delhi University in 1977. He enrolled as an Advocate on 28th July 1977 and practised at the Supreme Court of India and the Delhi High Court. He qualified for the AOR examination and enrolled as an Advocate-on-Record in the Supreme Court in 1981. In February 1983 he was appointed as the Editor of Indian Law Review (Delhi Series). He was a Standing Counsel for the Central Government from 1990 to 1996. He was designated as Senior Advocate in February 1997. He was appointed as Additional Solicitor General of India on 14th July 1998.
He was elevated as Judge of the Supreme Court on June 4th 2012 and held office until December 31st 2018. He has been a member of the Mediation & Conciliation Project Committee of the Supreme Court of India since its inception in 2005. He is the Judge in charge of the E-Committee of the Supreme Court of India, to suggest improvements in the working of the Homes and organization under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection and Children) Act, 2000 and the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Rules, 2007.
Justice Lokur has authored 159 judgments (as of 14th December 2018, according to Manupatra). He is known for presiding matters of social justice, earning his Bench the “social justice bench” moniker. Over the years, he has authored landmark judgments in various constitutional cases.
He was a part of the Bench of the Andhra Pradesh High Court with Justice PV Sanjay Kumar which struck down 4.5% reservation, including access to the prestigious Central Educational Institutions under the Act of 2006, for Muslims and other minorities.
As the Chief Justice of the Andhra Pradesh High Court, Justice Lokur suspended and ordered the prosecution of Special CBI Judge T Pattabhirama Rao who granted bail to G. Janardhana Reddy, who is involved in illegal mining.
He was a part of the Bench along with Justice Deepak Gupta, that asked the Centre to take steps for solid waste management after as vector-borne diseases have been plaguing different parts of the country due to the absence of solid waste management.
In January 2017, he wrote a partly dissenting opinion in Krishna Kumar v State of Bihar. In a 4:3 decision, the SC held that mechanical promulgating of the ordinance without laying it before the Legislature/ Parliament is a fraud on the Constitution. Justice Lokur dissented on this point holding that non-laying of Ordinance before the legislature doesn’t take away the effect of the ordinance. However, he concurred with the majority opinion that an ordinance on its own cannot create irreversible right in the citizen.
He also authored a separate concurring opinion in the Abhiram Singh v Commachen case where he widened the scope of Section 123(3) of the Representation of Peoples Act to hold that politicians addressing the electorates on religion, caste, language will qualify as corrupt practices leading to their disqualification.
Along with Justice Deepak Gupta, he ruled in the Independent Thought v UOI case that sex with a minor wife is rape.