G.B. Patnaik

G.B. Patnaik

Former Chief Justice of India

Assumed Office9th Nov, 1995

Retired On18th Dec, 2002

Previously

Chief Justice of the Orissa High CourtMay 19th 1995

Judge at Orissa High CourtJune 1st 1983

Additional Government AdvocateJuly 19th 1974

Standing Counsel for State GovernmentMarch 1st 1971

EnrollmentFebruary 28th 1962

Age: 83

Tracked Cases: 0

Education

B.Sc., LL.B

Profile

Notable Judgements

In 2001, Justice G.B. Pattanaik headed the Constitutional bench consisting of S. Rajendra Babu, D.P. Mohapatra, Doraiswamy Raju and Shivaraj V. Patil in Danial Latifi & Anr v, Union Of India. The bench held that the maintenance to be paid by Muslim husband extended beyond the iddat period, as per Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986. Further, the Bench also held that the Act was not unconstitutional. This case was important in establishing the rights of Muslim women in India.

In March 2002,  Justice G.B. Patnaik along with Justice R.P Sethi judged a suo moto contempt case against author Arundhati Roy. The bench held that the derogatory statements made in her affidavit which was prima facie contemptuous scandalised the Court’s authority with ‘malafide intentions’ . Further they also held that when the court is criticised during the pendency of a case, it diminishes the public’s faith in the Judiciary. The criticism of the Court as an institution rather than of an individual judge in the court was held to fall out of the purview of ‘fair criticism’ of the Court.

In October 2002, in the landmark T.M.A.Pai Foundation & Ors v. State Of Karnataka & Ors, Justice Patnaik was part of the majority judgement that held that minority groups have the right to establish and administer educational institutions under Article 30(1) read with Article 29(2) of the Constitution. The bench also held that only the State has the right to determine the status of a linguistic or religious minority.