This post is a part of our 10 Cases the Shaped India in 2019 series.

 

Controversy:

On 19 April 2019, a former junior Court Officer alleged that she was sexually harassed and subsequently victimized by the Chief Justice of India at the time - CJI Ranjan Gogoi. The next day, the Chief Justice called a special hearing in which he denied the allegations.

 

Two central issues immediately arose. First, there were factual questions about whether the allegations were true. Second, questions arose as to whether the Chief Justice had mishandled the matter by using the powers of his office to defend himself against the allegations.

 

What legal cases arose out of the controversy?

Two primary cases arose out of the controversy. The Chief Justice formed an in-house panel to investigate the sexual harassment allegations. The in-house panel initially comprised current Chief Justice S.A. Bobde, Justice N.V. Ramana and Justice Indira Banerjee. On 25 April, Justice NV Ramana recused himself due to his close personal relationship with CJI Gogoi and was replaced by Justice Indu Malhotra. On 6 May, the panel concluded that there was no substance in the allegations, despite the Complainant withdrawing from the inquiry alleging procedural impropriety. Further, it declined to make the report available to the public, citing Indira Jaising v. Supreme Court of India.

 

The second case arose out of claims made by Advocate Utsav Bains. Mr. Bains claimed that the allegations against the CJI were fabricated and motivated by a larger conspiracy to undermine the independence of the judiciary. On 25 April, a Bench comprising Justices Arun Mishra, Rohinton Nariman and Deepak Gupta directed retired Justice AK Patnaik to conduct an inquiry into the alleged conspiracy with the assistance of the Central Bureau of Investigation, the Intelligence Bureau and the Delhi Police Commissioner.

 

Timeline:

 

Must Reads:

  1. Retired Supreme Justice Madan Lokur reflects on the allegation of victimisation and concludes that the in-house inquiry suffered from institutional bias. He describes the In-House Committee as 'some kind of an ad hoc committee, which I would prefer to call an internal committee of sorts'.
  2. Senior Advocate Meenakshi Arora and Advocate Payal Chawla lament the post-allegation conduct of the Chief Justice. They urge the Court to view this as an opportunity to demonstrate that the Court does not suffer from 'thick glass ceilings'.
  3. The Women in Criminal Law Association questions why the Supreme Court deviated from the rules and laws governing sexual harassment allegations.
  4. Former Attorney General Soli Sorabjee defends the in-house procedure adopted by the Court, arguing it stems from established precedent. For him, the main aim of such inquiries must be to preserve the independence of the judiciary.
  5. Senior Advocate V. Giri details the established procedure that serves as a precedent for the in-house inquiry. He argues that the inquiry does not violate any principles of natural justice.